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Roxadex 5mg/ml (Injection)

Manufactured by: Nuvista Pharma Ltd

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate Similar medicine

Roxadex is indicated for

  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • vomiting
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Cerebral oedema
  • Shock
  • Inflammatory joint diseases
  • Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Dental surgery
  • Allergic anaphylactic shock
  • Brain tumors
  • Status asthmaticus

Precautions and warnings

This product, like many other steroid formulations, is sensitive to heat. Therefore, it should not be autoclaved when it is desirable to sterilize the exterior of the vial.

Following prolonged therapy, withdrawal of corticosteroids may result in symptoms of the corticosteroid withdrawal syndrome including fever, myalgia, arthralgia, and malaise. This may occur in patients even without evidence of adrenal insufficiency.

There is an enhanced effect of corticosteroids in patients with hypothyroidism and in those with cirrhosis.

Corticosteroids should be used cautiously in patients with ocular herpes simplex for fear of corneal perforation.

The lowest possible dose of corticosteroid should be used to control the condition under treatment, and when reduction in dosage is possible, the reduction must be gradual.

Psychic derangements may appear when corticosteroids are used, ranging from euphoria, insomnia, mood swings, personality changes, and severe depression to frank psychotic manifestations. Also, existing emotional instability or psychotic tendencies may be aggravated by corticosteroids.

Aspirin should be used cautiously in conjunction with corticosteroids in hypoprothrombinemia.

Steroids should be used with caution in nonspecific ulcerative colitis, if there is a probability of impending perforation, abscess, or other pyogenic infection, also in diverticulitis, fresh intestinal anastomoses, active or latent peptic ulcer, renal insufficiency, hypertension, osteoporosis, and myasthenia gravis.

When large doses are given, some authorities advise that antacids be administered between meals to help to prevent peptic ulcer.

Growth and development of infants and children on prolonged corticosteroid therapy should be carefully followed.

Steroids may increase or decrease motility and number of spermatozoa in some patients.

Phenytoin, phenobarbital, ephedrine, and rifampin may enhance the metabolic clearance of corticosteroids resulting in decreased blood levels and lessened physiologic activity, thus requiring adjustment in corticosteroid dosage. These interactions may interfere with dexamethasone suppression tests which should be interpreted with caution during administration of these drugs.

When corticosteroids are administered concomitantly with potassium-depleting diuretics, patients should be observed closely for development of hypokalemia.

Intra-articular injection of a corticosteroid may produce systemic as well as local effects.

Side-effects

  • Fluid
  • electrolyte disturbances: Sodium retention Fluid retention Congestive heart failure in susceptible patients Potassium loss Hypokalemic alkalosis Hypertension Musculoskeletal: Muscle weakness Steroid myopathy Loss of muscle mass Osteoporosis Pathologic fracture of long bones Vertebral compression fractures Aseptic necrosis of femoral
  • humeral heads Tendon rupture Gastrointestinal: Peptic ulcer with possible subsequent perforation
  • hemorrhage Perforation of the small
  • large bowel
  • particularly in patients with inflammatory bowel disease Pancreatitis Abdominal distention Ulcerative esophagitis Dermatologic: Impaired wound healing Thin fragile skin Petechiae
  • ecchymoses Erythema Increased sweating May suppress reactions to skin tests Burning or tingling
  • especially in the perineal area (after IV injection) Other cutaneous reactions
  • such as allergic dermatitis
  • urticaria
  • angioneurotic edema Neurologic: Convulsions Increased intracranial pressure with papilledema (pseudotumor cerebri) usually after treatment Vertigo Headache Psychic disturbances Endocrine: Menstrual irregularities Development of cushingoid state Suppression of growth in children Secondary adrenocortical
  • pituitary unresponsiveness
  • particularly in times of stress
  • as in trauma
  • surgery
  • or illness Decreased carbohydrate tolerance Manifestations of latent diabetes mellitus Increased requirements for insulin or oral hypoglycemic agents in diabetics Hirsutism Ophthalmic: Posterior subcapsular cataracts Increased intraocular pressure Glaucoma Exophthalmos Metabolic: Negative nitrogen balance due to protein catabolism Cardiovascular: Myocardial rupture following recent myocardial infarction. Other: Anaphylactoid or hypersensitivity reactions Thromboembolism Weight gain Increased appetite Nausea Malaise Hiccups The following additional adverse reactions are related to parenteral corticosteroid therapy: Rare instances of blindness associated with intralesional therapy around the face
  • head Hyperpigmentation or hypopigmentation Subcutaneous
  • cutaneous atrophy Sterile abscess Post-injection flare (following intra-articular use) Charcot-like arthropathy

Drug Interactions

Increased risk of hypokalaemia when used concurrently with potassium-depleting drugs such as amphotericin B and loop diuretics. Reduces efficacy of isoniazid, salicylates, vaccines and toxoids. Increased activity of dexamethasone and cyclosporin when used together. Concurrent use with aspirin or ethanol may lead to increased GI side effects.
Potentially Fatal: Reduced efficacy in combination with ephedrine, cholestyramine, phenytoin, phenobarbital and rifampicin.

Contraindications

Systemic fungal infections . Hypersensitivity to any component of this product, including sulfites

Mode of actions

Dexamethasone is a synthetic glucocorticoid which decreases inflammation by inhibiting the migration of leukocytes and reversal of increased capillary permeability. It suppresses normal immune response.

Dosage & Administration

Dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection, – For intravenous, intramuscular, intra-articular, intralesional, and soft tissue injection.
Dexamethasone can be given parenterally at doses of 0.5-20 mg daily, either as a single IV/IM injection or by IV infusion.

Child: 200-500 mcg/kg daily.
Cerebral oedema: 10 mg IV initially, then 4 mg IM every 6 hours as required for 2-10 days. Large IV doses should be given slowly to reduce the possibility of cardiovascular collapse.
Shock: By intravenous or intramascular injection or infusion 2-6 mg/kg, repeated if necessary after 2-6 hours. The total daily intake of Dexamethasone, even in acute conditions should not exceed 80 mg except in certain very special circumstances.

Pregnancy & Lactation

Animal reproduction studies have shown an adverse effect on the fetus and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in humans, but potential benefits may warrant use of the drug in pregnant women despite potential risks

Pack Size & Price

10 amps pack Price : ৳290.2

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There are some similar medicines of Roxadex are manufactured by other companies using the same ingredients. Although, it would be good if you are able to use the same medicine, which has been prescribed by your Doctor. Due to availability in the local market, you can try others. Please make sure and contact your Doctor first about alternatives.

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5 Aminosalicylic Acid

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Ulcerative proctitis, Crohn's Disease.

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Betamethasone

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Lichen planus, Psoriasis, Asthma, Eczema, Contact dermatitis, Multiple sclerosis, Drug hypersensitivity reactions, Perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, Serum sickness, Transfusion reactions, Severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), Leukemias, Lymphomas, Acute gouty arthritis, Acute rheumatic carditis, Psoriatic arthritis, Including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Dermatomyositis, Polymyositis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Psoriatic plaques, Allergic and inflammatory disorders, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

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6 more generic are used for Ulcerative colitis

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Betamethasone

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Lichen planus, Psoriasis, Asthma, Eczema, Contact dermatitis, Multiple sclerosis, Drug hypersensitivity reactions, Perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, Serum sickness, Transfusion reactions, Severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), Leukemias, Lymphomas, Acute gouty arthritis, Acute rheumatic carditis, Psoriatic arthritis, Including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Dermatomyositis, Polymyositis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Psoriatic plaques, Allergic and inflammatory disorders, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

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Betamethasone

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Ankylosing spondylitis, Lichen planus, Psoriasis, Asthma, Eczema, Contact dermatitis, Multiple sclerosis, Drug hypersensitivity reactions, Perennial or seasonal allergic rhinitis, Serum sickness, Transfusion reactions, Severe erythema multiforme (Stevens-Johnson syndrome), Leukemias, Lymphomas, Acute gouty arthritis, Acute rheumatic carditis, Psoriatic arthritis, Including juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Dermatomyositis, Polymyositis, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Psoriatic plaques, Allergic and inflammatory disorders, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

List of medicines using Betamethasone

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Multiple sclerosis, Nausea and vomiting, Multiple myeloma, Cerebral oedema, Shock, Inflammatory joint diseases, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Dental surgery, Allergic anaphylactic shock, Brain tumors, Status asthmaticus

List of medicines using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
2 more generic are used for Multiple sclerosis

Are you looking medicine for Nausea and vomiting ?

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Multiple sclerosis, Nausea and vomiting, Multiple myeloma, Cerebral oedema, Shock, Inflammatory joint diseases, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Dental surgery, Allergic anaphylactic shock, Brain tumors, Status asthmaticus

List of medicines using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
1 more generic are used for Nausea and vomiting

Are you looking medicine for Multiple myeloma ?

Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate

Indicated for Ulcerative colitis, Rheumatoid arthritis, Multiple sclerosis, Nausea and vomiting, Multiple myeloma, Cerebral oedema, Shock, Inflammatory joint diseases, Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, Dental surgery, Allergic anaphylactic shock, Brain tumors, Status asthmaticus

List of medicines using Dexamethasone Sodium Phosphate
1 more generic are used for Multiple myeloma

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